Importance of Forest Resources
The importance of forest resources can be explained as under:
1. Ecological Balance: Forests and wildlife are essential to maintain ecological
balance of an area.
2. Renewable Natural Resources: Forests are an important renewable natural
3. Eco-system: Trees dominate forest ecosystem; their species content varities in
different parts of the world.
4. Economic Development: Forest contributes to the economic development of the
country because they provide goods and services to the people and industry.
5. Environment Quality: The forest enchance the quality of environment by
influencing the life supporting system.
6. Safeguard against Pollution: Forest check air pollution and soil erosion. Thus,
they exercise safety and against pollution.
7. Soil Conservation: Forest save the hill-slopes from landslides.
8. Wind Erosion: In deserts, trees reduce wind erosion by checking wind velocity.
9. Check the Extension Balance: The forest checks strong gales and keeps the soil
intact beneath the roots of trees and thus checks extension of desert.
10. Maintains Ecological Balance: The forest check pollution of air through increasing
oxygen content of the air.
11. Attract Rainfall: By causing condensation of water vapour in clouds, forests attract
12. Control Floods: The floods are controlled because forests dry up rainwater like
13. Linked with Cultural and Civilization: Forests are linked with our cultural
14. Supply of Raw Material: Forest supply wood, which is used as under:
(ii) Raw material for various industries as pulp, paper, newsprint, board;
(iii) Timber for furniture items;
(iv) To be used in packing articles like fruits, tea etc.
(v) For preparing matches, sport goods etc.
15. Minor forest products: Some examples of minor forest products, are canes, gums,
resins, dyes, flocks, medicines, tannins, lac, fibres, katha etc.
1. For tribal people are provided with food like tuber, roots, leaves, fruits, meat
from birds and other animals etc.
16. Employment opportunities: About eight crore people are employed in wood based
industries like paper and match and small and cottage industries. Besides, those
who are employed in the forest department in various states.
17. Revenue Receipts: The forest provide Rs. 400 crores per year as revenue to the
18. Fodder for Cattle: Forest provide fodder to cattle.
19. Foreign Exchange Earners: Forest produce a great number of articles like
essential oils, resins and dyes. Which find market in foreign countries. Nearly Rs.
50 crores are earned in foreign exchange through selling lac, terpentine oil and
sandal wood oil to abroad.
Thus, the forests are nation’s wealth. They are useful to us directly and indirectly.